Fragrance Region AFRICA


FrühzeitlicheThe earliest accounts of perfume production reach back as far as 7000 years before Christ. Back then, Egyptian priests used perfumes to worship their gods, and scented salves and essences to embalm the bodies of the Pharaohes. Lotions and perfumes were also a common burial object, and were found quite often. To worship, scented things were burnt in the temple, and ascended with the fragrant fumes. This is also the origin of the modern word "Perfume" - "per fumum" is Latin and means "with the fumes".



FrühzeitlicheThe Egyptian upper-class also used fragrances for body care, for medical reasons and as a luxurious object. This development is generally accredited to Pharaoh Hatschepsut (who reigned from ~1479 to1458 b.C.). During her regnancy perfumes where not any more only used for religious ceremonies and embalmment, but also as a luxurious object for the Living. Frankincense was one of the most popular fragrances, so Hatschepsut tried to make it grow in Egypt. Another well-known Pharaoh, who was very keen about the precious fragrances, was Cleopatra. The last queen of Egypt is said, to have had a balm garden, which was inaffordable today.



Frühzeitliche"Kyphi" is the name of the best-known Egyptian perfume. It consists of over 16 ingredients, e.g. jasmine, rose, coriander, myrrh and frankincence. The "perfumers" of that time were priests, as they knew the necessary things about the different scents and fragrances. They produces the precious perfumes. On special occasions, people from the upper-class used to wear perfumed grease-balls in their hair or grease cones on their heads. As the grease would melt, the embedded fragrances would be released slowly. The majority of cosmetics, beauty products and body care was scented: not only frankincense and myrrh, also lily, pine, cedar and almonds were used, for women just as well for men.



Region Africa
The first country of perfume is Egypt, where the first attempts of perfume production are dated back to 7000 BC. Priests used scented materials to praise their gods and embalm their dead. The word "perfume" is said to derive from burning noble lumber - "per fumum" means "through the fumes". Later, richer Egyptians also used perfumes for beauty and body care. The most important popular figures were the pharaos Hatschepsut and Cleopatra. Even though resources were short, priests always attempted to improve the perfumes.